August 10, 2020

How Many Different Cannabinoids Are There In Marijuana?

August 10, 2020
How Many Cannabinoids Are There? Different Marijuana Cannabinoids Explained

Different Cannabinoids Explained

What are Cannabinoids?

Do you ever wonder why smoking weed gets you high? It’s because of cannabinoids, different chemical compounds found in cannabis that enact with the human endocannabinoid system. There are numerous cannabinoids found in marijuana and each have a slightly different effect than others. Their cumulative effects can produce the psychoactive effects we associate with weed.

How Many Cannabinoids Are There?

There are more than 120 different cannabinoids occurring in natural weed. By and large, most people regard THC as the most important aspect of any weed product. It’s only within the last decade that the benefits of marijuana cannabinoids beyond THC have been explored. When these different cannabinoids act together,  they create what is called “the entourage effect.” This effect is manifested in the human body as all of those cannabinoid compounds interact with the endocannabinoid system in concert with each other, creating specific health benefits and/or that particularly pleasant psychoactive reaction known as “getting high.”

What are the different cannabinoids? What are the main cannabinoids? A quick rundown on the benefits of different cannabinoids

What Are The Different Cannabinoids?

As stated above, there are over 120 different cannabinoids occurring in natural cannabis flower. Many of these cannabinoids can also be found in hemp as well. However with hemp, you won’t find any of the psychoactive cannabinoids found in marijuana. Here is a short list of some of the main cannabinoids and their potential medicinal properties:

What Are The Main Cannabinoids?

  • Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) – psychoactive, anti-inflammatory, anti-microbial, sleep aid, analgesic, appetite stimulant
  • Tetrahydrocannabinolic acid (THCA) – anti-epilectic, analgesic
  • Cannabidiol (CBD) – anti-bacterial, relieves anxiety, sleep aid, appetite suppressant
  • Cannabidiolic Acid (CBDA) – anti-inflammatory, anti-cancer
  • Cannabinol (CBN) – analgesic, anti-diabetic, sleep aid
  • Cannabigerol (CBG) anti-bacterial, anti-inflammatory
  • Cannabichromene (CBC) – analgesic, anti-proliferative
  • Tetrahydrocannabivarin (THCV) – appetite stimulant, anti-epileptic

When Was Marijuana Discovered?

Marijuana, with its ever-evolving legal status in America, can make it seem like it’s a relatively new discovery, only being regulated and demonized  in the 20th Century. However, if one were to investigate when was marijuana first discovered, they’d find cannabis has been utilized for its medicinal benefits and practical uses for thousands of years. The answer to how marijuana was first discovered can be dated back to ancient China, over 2500 years ago. Science Magazine cites recent archeological findings that when was weed found to be used in ritual settings. 

When weed was found to be a valuable crop, it traveled along trade routes, known as the Silk Road from The East to Africa and Western Asia. For more information on ancient ritual use of cannabis, you can find out what the Bible says about weed. 

What cannabinoids are the main cannabinoids? The chemical structure of the main marijuana cannabinoids

Hemp and Marijuana Cannabinoid FAQs:

What is the difference between cannabinoids and cannabidiol?

Cannabidiol, more popularly known as CBD, is one of many different cannabinoids found in weed. There are many different cannabinoids found in marijuana, and CBD is but one of over 100, including Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and Cannabinol (CBN), which are utilized primarily for therapeutic purposes, such as pain and anxiety relief.

What Cannabinoids Are in CBD Oil?

Cannbidiol, or CBD, is the primary component of CBD oil, naturally. However, the presence of other cannabinoids depends on which type of oil you have. Full spectrum oil utilizes all naturally occurring cannabinoids in marijuana, including THC. Broad spectrum, meanwhile, features almost all cannabinoids but without THC. CBD isolate features a narrow range of cannabinoids, primarily CBD into a carrier oil. 

How Many Cannabinoids Are in a Hemp Plant?

Hemp and marijuana are both classified as cannabis and largely possess the same cannabinoids, with over 100 cannabinoids found in hemp. The primary difference between hemp and marijuana is that there is a much higher concentration of CBD and very minimal THC in hemp, eliminating the psychoactive properties.


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